Wednesday, May 09, 2007

5.10.07 C&D BFD

This article was originally published in the 5.10.07 edition of Metroland.

Geekdom was all a-twitter last week with cries of anarchy and rebellion. It was great. I’ll try to explain, and excuse me it I don’t get it exactly right. I think I’m close, though.

It all had to do, at least ostensibly, with some computer code that “protects” the new high-definition DVDs. These are the DVDs that you don’t buy, because you don’t have a hi-def player or a high-def TV. You might never buy them, in fact, because regular DVDs are just fine. But I digress.

Back in January, somebody hacked this protection code, and posted a 32-character “key” that allows the protection to be bypassed on a blog somewhere. This is, of course, a time honored tradition. The hack was done for sport, for bragging rights. The mighty media companies are always putting these protections on their “products”, and they pretty much all get hacked within days of release. No matter how smart the Einsteins of the corporate world are, there’s always a kid in a dorm room somewhere who’s smarter.

It’s a lot to ado about very little. This posted “key” requires more software and fiddling before it actually does anything. I doubt many people have done anything with it, because it’s cumbersome and complicated, and especially because it unlocks the protection on hi-def disks that hardly anybody owns.

Anyway, last week, the “key” wound up in an article that got posted on, which is a site where anybody can post an article, and then people vote on their favorite articles, and the most popular articles get posted first. Or something like that. It’s a popular site of “netizens”, a less rigorous subset of not-quite geeks, and you know who you are.

Then the legal department of some big media consortium sent Digg a cease and desist letter telling them that the posting of the “key” violated the consortium’s rights under the Digital Millenium Copyright Act, which forbids the dissemination of things that defeat copyright protection measures. 32 random-looking letters and numbers, a legal hot potato!

For background, keep in mind that similar C&D letters have been sent to kids who figured out that earlier copy-protection schemes could be defeated by holding down the CTRL key while a disk was loading, or by running a black Sharpie around the edge of a disk. One letter went to a college professor who answered an industry challenge to hack a “hack-proof” disk, and was going to present his findings at an academic conference.

C&D letters are part of an attorney’s stock-in-trade. I send them out once in a while. I have several different templates, of varying temperatures, ranging from “pardon me, you really shouldn’t oughta be doing that” to “stop the crap or your ass is grass, scumbag.” They cost next to nothing to get out the door besides the cost of the stamp.

Big Media copyright owners tend to shoot first and ask questions later with C&D letters, figuring that the vast majority will scare the bejesus out of the recipient. You’ve got the impressive legal letterhead, listing offices in New York, LA, London and Tokyo, the stilted antiseptic legal prose, the demands for an accounting of profits, the recitation of the maximum damage penalties available under copyright law of $150,000 per act of infringement. Most folks, acting rationally, figure the party’s over, turn off their computers, draw the shades, and sit shivering in the corner until it all blows over.

Back during the first internet boom, some net activists I worked with had a nice counter-measure when they got C&D letters. They posted them on the web. The bullies got exposed as bullies, they looked silly and they usually backed off, because most of them they were just blowing smoke to begin with. Once, an activist got a second C&D letter from a law firm, claiming copyright protection protection for the first C&D letter, and demanding that the first letter be taken down! That one got posted, too. As I’ve said before, there’s a special place in hell for lawyers like that.

Anyway, at first Digg didn’t fight back. Digg removed all postings of the “key”. And that’s when it hit the fan. Digg users, outraged at this spinelessness, started posting hundreds of articles containing the “key” on and then voted for them. They went up faster than the Digg people could remove them. At one point, the first five Digg pages were nothing but posts of articles containing the “key”. Meantime, somebody filmed himself singing a song with the “key” as the lyrics, and stuck it on YouTube. People are selling artworks and t-shirts containing the 32 characters. At last count, there were something like 700,000 postings of the “key” all over the internet.

So the Digg people changed course, saying the Digg community had spoken, and that the lawyers would just have to deal with it, and left everything up on the site.

The lawyers, the corporate lawyers, are, of course, idiots. This reaction was as predictable as the sun coming up. At this point, it should be over, at least for this round. The DVD consortium has rewritten the copy protection code. By the time you read this, it probably will have gotten hacked, too.


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